bes report shows 76% give up on health care due to long waiting lists. Image shows queue in hospital

Latest Bes report highlights issues with health care service

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According to the latest Bes report from Istat, there is a growing sense of overall well-being in Italy. However, the quality of health services is lacking.

Just over half of the 129 indicators (out of 152), for which comparison is possible, have actually improved compared to the previous year. Around 28.7% have worsened, while 17.8% remain stable.

However, the performance in environmental (especially climate-related) and security aspects (particularly concerning the perception of crime risk in one’s locality) is less favourable.

These insights come from the Report on Fair and Sustainable Wellbeing (Bes), presented yesterday (17th April 2024) by the Institute of Statistics in Rome.

The report offers a comprehensive analysis of well-being levels, trends, and inequalities across 12 factors outlined in the Bes framework: health, education and training, work-life balance, economic well-being, social relations, politics and institutions, safety, subjective well-being, landscape and cultural heritage, environment, innovation, research and creativity, and quality of services.

Examining the regions of the Peninsula, the report classifies them into five categories of relative well-being (low, medium-low, medium, medium-high, and high).

The report highlights the north-east regions boast the highest levels of well-being, with over half of the indicators falling into the top two classes and no more than a fifth in the bottom two classes.

Conversely, the regions of southern Italy exhibit a reversed trend, with over 55% of indicators falling into the low and medium-low categories (approximately 70% in Campania and Sicily). Furthermore, indicators related to landscape and cultural heritage and social relations are notably deteriorating.

Highlights for each of the factors

Health: 34.2% of people are sedentary compared to 36.3% in 2022

Education and training: 30.6% of young people (aged 25-34) have achieved a degree or other tertiary level training

Work-life balance: 66.3% employment rate for people aged compared to 64.8% in 2022

Economic well-being: 6.9% of people are in financial difficulty at the end of the month. This has dropped to pre-pandemic values.

Social relations: 60.7% of people engage in civic and political activities, down from 63.4% in 2022.

Politics and Institution: The average rating (1-10) for trust in the Italian parliament, politics and institutions is 4.8. This compares to 4.5 in 2019 (pre-pandemic).

Security: 62% of people feel very safe or safe enough when walking alone at night.

Subjective well-being: 46.6% of people are very satisfied with their life (gave a score of 8-10)

Landscape and cultural heritage: 21.3% of people believe they live in places affected by degradation

Environment: 42 days of intense heat, which is 36 days more than in the reference period 1981-2010

Innovation, research and creativity: 53.6% of municipalities with one or more innovation, research and creativity services entirely online. This compares to 25.1% in 2018.

Quality of Services: 76% of people have given up health services for economic reasons, long waiting lists or difficulty in accessing services.

The last item on the list would appear to correlate with the recent criticism by regional authorities and scientists that the national healthcare system is under threat.

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